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Journal of Applied Mathematics
Volume 2014, Article ID 747596, 8 pages
Research Article

Game Cross Efficiency for Systems with Two-Stage Structures

1School of Business Administration, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China
2Kent Business School, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7PE, UK

Received 14 December 2013; Accepted 13 January 2014; Published 4 March 2014

Academic Editor: Pu-yan Nie

Copyright © 2014 Chaoqun Ma et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a nonparametric approach for measuring the relative efficiencies of peer decision-making units (DMUs). For systems with two-stage structures, where all the outputs from the first stage are the only inputs to the second stage, the centralized model, which is based on the concept of cooperative game theory, has been widely used to examine the efficiencies of such systems. We define the cross efficiencies of systems with two-stage structures. Since the centralized model may lead to multiple and unacceptable cross efficiencies and rankings of DMUs due to its high flexibility in choosing optimal weights on input and output factors, we develop a game model to obtain a unique cross efficiency measure, which is constructed from the perspective of noncooperative game. An iterative algorithm is then proposed to obtain the game cross efficiencies for the overall systems and subsystems. We use the proposed game model to evaluate the performance of top 30 US commercial banks. The results show that the game model can lead to a unique reasonable cross efficiency for each DMU.