## Advanced Mathematics and Numerical Modeling of IoT (Internet of Things)

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Lanping Chen, Zhengzhi Han, Zhenghua Ma, "Exponential Stability for Impulsive Stochastic Nonlinear Network Systems with Time Delay", *Journal of Applied Mathematics*, vol. 2014, Article ID 787568, 5 pages, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/787568

# Exponential Stability for Impulsive Stochastic Nonlinear Network Systems with Time Delay

**Academic Editor:**Laurence T. Yang

#### Abstract

We study the exponential stability of the complex dynamical network described by differentially nonlinear equations which couple with time delay and stochastic impulses. Some sufficient conditions are established to ensure *p*th moment exponential stable for the stochastic impulsive systems (SIS) with time delay. An example with its numerical simulation is presented to illustrate the validation of main results.

#### 1. Introduction

As the extension and expansion of Internet network, the Internet of things is the complex networks which are made up of interconnected nodes and used to describe various systems of real world. In many systems such as signal processing systems, computer networks, automatic control systems, flying object motions, and telecommunications, impulsive effects are common phenomena due to instantaneous perturbations at certain moments. Therefore, the study of the dynamical networks with impulsive effects is important for understanding the dynamical behaviors of the most real-world complex networks. The impulsive dynamic systems have been studied extensively (see [1–4] and references therein). In addition to impulsive effects, stochastic effects likewise exist in real systems. In recent years stochastic impulsive dynamic system is an emerging field drawing attention from various disciplines of sciences and engineering.

Many real-world problems in science and engineering can be modeled by nonlinear stochastic impulsive dynamic systems (see [5, 6] and references therein). The stability analysis is much more complicated because of the existence of simultaneous impulsive effects and stochastic effects. So far, there are several results on impulsive stochastic systems, which we can find in [7–10]. However, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, little study on impulsive stabilization of stochastic delay systems has been done so far. Motivated by the above consideration, in this paper we analysis this system and obtain sufficient conditions to ensure the th moment asymptotic stability of stochastic impulsive systems with arbitrarily infinite delays. It is shown that an unstable stochastic delay system can be successfully stabilized by impulses and the results can be easily applied to stochastic systems with arbitrarily time delays.

#### 2. Preliminaries

Let denote the -dimensional real space and let be a positive real number. Let denotes the family of piecewise continuous functions from to . , exists, and for , with the norm , where and denote the right-hand and left-hand limit of function at , respectively.

Consider the impulsive stochastic differential equation as follows: where the initial value , , is regarded as a valued stochastic process, , , , and is an -dimensional standard Brownian motion defined on the complete probability space.

*Definition 1. *Let denote the family of all nonnegative functions on that are continuously twice differentiable in and once in . For a , one can define the Kolmogorov operator as follows:
where = , = , and =

*Definition 2. *The trivial solution of SIS (1) is said to be the th moment exponential stable if there exist positive constants and such that

The following lemmas can be found in [11].

Lemma 3. *Let , , then
*

Lemma 4. *Let , , then
*

#### 3. Main Results

In this section, we shall focus on sufficient conditions to achieve exponential stability of the SIS by employing Razumikhin techniques and Lyapunov functions. Moreover, we will design the impulsive control for the stabilization of unstable stochastic systems by using the obtained results.

Theorem 5. *If there exist positive constants , and suppose there exists a function such that*(i)*;
*(ii)*;
*(iii)*, for all ;*(iv)*.**
Then the corresponding system (1) is the th moment exponential stable.*

*Proof. *For any , we can get from the conditions (ii) and (iii)

In general for , one can find that

From condition (iv), we get

For be impulsive points in , then we obtain

By (7) and (8), then we can get

It follows from condition (i), that

which implies

System (1) is the th moment exponentially stable. The proof is complete.

Theorem 6. *Assume that*(i)*, , ;*(ii)*, ;*(iii)*;**and conditions of Theorem 5 hold simultaneously, then the system is pth exponential stable, where denotes the expectation.*

* Proof. *Take

then take the mathematical expectation of both sides of the Formula (12), we obtain

Using Lemma 3, from (i) and (ii), we obtain

It follows that

Consequently, by the above statement, the conditions of Theorem 5 are all satisfied. Then, the conclusion follows from Theorem 5 and the proof is complete.

*Remark 7. *From the above consequence, we know that the unstable stochastic system can be exponentially stabilized by the impulsive control . Moreover, the steps of the impulsive control design satisfy the conditions of Theorem 5.

*Remark 8. *Consider a special case of system (1) shown as follows:

there exist nonnegative function such that(i),(ii),
where , denotes the largest eigenvalue of a symmetric matrix. Then we derive the following theorem.

Theorem 9. *Assume that there exist positive constants such that
**
hold, where , , , and if the conditions of Theorems 5 and 6 are satisfied, then the trivial solution of system (17) is -moment exponentially stable.*

*Proof. *Let , and . Then by Itô formula, we have

By condition (ii), we have

Substituting (20) into (19), and using conditions, we obtain

Using Lemma 4, we get

Summing up the above statements, we can see that all the conditions of Theorem 5 and condition (iii) of Theorem 6 are satisfied. Then the conclusion follows from Theorem 6 immediately and the proof is completed.

#### 4. Example

In this section, we present an example to demonstrate our theoretical results. Considering a nonlinear stochastic impulsive system as follows: where , , , .

*Step 1. *Calculate the parameters.

Without loss of generality, we choose , , such that they satisfy the conditions of (i) and (ii) of Theorem 5.

*Step 2. *Choose , then it is easy to calculate from the Itô formula that

which satisfies condition (iii) of Theorem 5
where take , , .

*Step 3. *By calculation, we obtain , then

It satisfies condition (iv) of Theorem 5 which means that the system (23) is exponentially stable. Figure 1 gives the trajectory of the state of (23). It is obvious that the system is not stable without impulsive effect. Figure 1 shows that the solution of the stochastic delayed system (23) is unstable. Figure 2 shows the stability of the delay system with the impulsive controller.

#### 5. Conclusion

In this paper, we have investigated the -moment stability and applied the technique of Razumikhin techniques and Lyapunov functions to impulsive stochastic systems. Some sufficient conditions about the stability of impulsive stochastic systems in terms of two measures are derived. As a beneficial supplement in the study of impulsive stochastic systems with time delay, the concluded criteria are not only effective but also convenient in practical applications of specific systems in engineering and physics, etc. We also provided an illustrative example to show the effectiveness of our results.

#### Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

#### Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful for the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 61074003). This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 61074003).

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#### Copyright

Copyright © 2014 Lanping Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.