About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Automated Methods and Management in Chemistry
Volume 2005 (2005), Issue 2, Pages 37-43

Design of an Automated Flow Injection-Chemiluminescence Instrument Incorporating a Miniature Photomultiplier Tube for Monitoring Picomolar Concentrations of Iron in Seawater

1Antarctic CRC, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 80, Tasmania, Hobart 7001, Australia
2School of Earth, Ocean and Environmental Sciences, Plymouth Environmental Research Centre, University of Plymouth, Plymouth PL4 8AA, UK

Received 23 September 2004; Accepted 23 September 2004

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A flow-injection (FI)-based instrument under LabVIEW control for monitoring iron in marine waters is described. The instrument incorporates a miniature, low-power photomultiplier tube (PMT), and a number of microelectric and solenoid actuated valves and peristaltic pumps. The software allows full control of all flow injection components and processing of the data from the PMT. The optimised system is capable of 20 injections per hour, including preconcentration and wash steps. The detection limit (3 sd of the blank) is 21 pM at sea and the linear range is 21–2000 pM with a 60-second sample load time. Typical precision between replicate FI peaks is 5.9±3.2% (n=4) over the linear range.