Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Automated Methods and Management in Chemistry
Volume 2006, Article ID 83427, 4 pages

A Bacillus sphaericus Based Biosensor for Monitoring Nickel Ions in Industrial Effluents and Foods

Biosensor Development Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Punjabi University, Patiala 147 002, India

Received 13 December 2005; Accepted 4 January 2006

Copyright © 2006 Neelam Verma and Minni Singh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. K. R. Rogers and J. N. Lin, “Biosensors for environmental monitoring,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 317–321, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. C. D. Klaassen, “Heavy metals and heavy metal antagonists,” in Goodman and Gilman's: The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, P. B. Molinkoff and R. W. Ruddon, Eds., pp. 1649–1650, McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 1996.
  3. M. J. Dennison and A. P. F. Turner, “Biosensors for environmental monitoring,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. P. Corbisier, D. van der Lelie, and B. Borremans et al., “Whole cell- and protein-based biosensors for the detection of bioavailable heavy metals in environmental samples,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 387, no. 3, pp. 235–244, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. H. T. Luong, A. Mulchandani, and G. G. Guilbault, “Developments and applications of biosensors,” Trends in Biotechnology, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 310–316, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. N. Verma and M. Singh, “Biosensors for heavy metals,” BioMetals, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 121–129, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Gronow, “Biosensors,” Trends in Biochemical Sciences, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 336–340, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. H. D. Belitz and W. Grosch, Food Chemistry, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2nd edition, 1999.
  9. WHO-World Health Organization, in A WHO Task Group on Environmental Health Criteria for Nickel, E. Smith, Ed., p. 17, 1989.
  10. D. Parag, “Industrial effluents leak into Rajkot water table,” The Indian Express, 14 July, 2000.
  11. K. J. Tiemann, J. L. Gardea-Torresdey, and G. Gamez et al., “Use of X-ray absorption spectroscopy and esterification to investigate Cr(III) and Ni(II) ligands in alfalfa biomass,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 150–154, 1998.
  12. R. E. Stanier, J. L. Ingraham, M. L. Wheelis, and P. R. Painter, “Gram positive Eubactria: unicellular endospore formers,” in General Microbiology, pp. 475–494, Macmillan Press, London, UK, 5th edition, 1987.
  13. W. H. R. Shaw and D. N. Raval, “The inhibition of urease by metal ions at pH 8.9,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 83, no. 15, pp. 3184–3187, 1961. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. T. K. Krawczyk, M. Moszczyn'ska, and M. Trojanowicz, “Inhibitive determination of mercury and other metal ions by potentiometric urea biosensor,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 15, no. 11-12, pp. 681–691, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar