Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Automated Methods and Management in Chemistry
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 101679, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/101679
Research Article

Trace Lead Measurement and Online Removal of Matrix Interference in Geosamples by Ion-Exchange Coupled with Flow Injection and Hydride Generation Atomic Fluorescence Spectrometry

Laboratory of photonic Information Technology, School for Information and Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China

Received 29 March 2009; Revised 12 June 2009; Accepted 15 June 2009

Academic Editor: Peter Stockwell

Copyright © 2009 Chun-Hua Tan and Xu-Guang Huang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Dural, M. Z. L. Göksu, and A. A. Özak, “Investigation of heavy metal levels in economically important fish species captured from the Tuzla lagoon,” Food Chemistry, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 415–421, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. H. Górecka, K. Chojnacka, and H. Górecki, “The application of ICP-MS and ICP-OES in determination of micronutrients in wood ashes used as soil conditioners,” Talanta, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 950–956, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. V. Oliveira, J. L. Gómez-Ariza, and D. Sánchez-Rodas, “Extraction procedures for chemical speciation of arsenic in atmospheric total suspended particles,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 382, no. 2, pp. 335–340, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. R. G. Wuilloud, H. A. Acevedo, F. A. Vazquez, and L. D. Martinez, “Determination of lead in drinking water by ICP-AES with ultrasonic nebulization and flow-injection on-line preconcentration using an amberlite XAD-16 resin,” Analytical Letters, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 1649–1665, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. R. Bin Abas, I. A. Takruni, Z. Abdullah, and N. M. Tahir, “On-line preconcentration and determination of trace metals using a flow injection system coupled to ion chromatography,” Talanta, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 883–890, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. H. Karami, M. F. Mousavi, Y. Yamini, and M. Shamsipur, “On-line preconcentration and simultaneous determination of heavy metal ions by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 509, no. 1, pp. 89–94, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. B. R. Mesquita, S. M. V. Fernandes, and A. O. S. S. Rangel, “A flow system for the spectrophotometric determination of lead in different types of waters using ion-exchange for pre-concentration and elimination of interferences,” Talanta, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 395–401, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. M. Zougagh, A. García de Torres, E. Vereda Alonso, and J. M. Cano Pavón, “Automatic on line preconcentration and determination of lead in water by ICP-AES using a TS-microcolumn,” Talanta, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 503–510, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. M. S. Di Nezio, M. E. Palomeque, and B. S. Fernández Band, “A sensitive spectrophotometric method for lead determination by flow injection analysis with on-line preconcentration,” Talanta, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 405–409, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. Z.-Y. Huang, F.-R. Chen, Z.-X. Zhuang, X.-R. Wang, and F. S. C. Lee, “Trace lead measurement and on-line removal of matrix interference in seawater by isotope dilution coupled with flow injection and ICP-MS,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 508, no. 2, pp. 239–245, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. Benkhedda, H. G. Infante, and F. C. Adams, “Determination of total lead and lead isotope ratios in natural waters by inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry after flow injection on-line preconcentration,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 506, no. 2, pp. 137–144, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. V. A. Lemos, M. de La Guardia, and S. L. C. Ferreira, “An on-line system for preconcentration and determination of lead in wine samples by FAAS,” Talanta, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 475–480, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. Y. Bakircioglu, S. R. Segade, E. R. Yourd, and J. F. Tyson, “Evaluation of Pb-Spec® for flow-injection solid-phase extraction preconcentration for the determination of trace lead in water and wine by flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 485, no. 1, pp. 9–18, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. A. N. Anthemidis, G. A. Zachariadis, and J. A. Stratis, “On-line preconcentration and determination of copper, lead and chromium(VI) using unloaded polyurethane foam packed column by flame atomic absorption spectrometry in natural waters and biological samples,” Talanta, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. 831–840, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. Y.-H. Sung and S.-D. Huang, “On-line preconcentration system coupled to electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of bismuth, cadmium, and lead in urine,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 495, no. 1-2, pp. 165–176, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Z.-H. Wang, Z.-P. Zhang, Z.-P. Wang, L.-W. Liu, and X.-P. Yan, “Acrylic acid grafted polytetrafluoroethylene fiber as new packing for flow injection on-line microcolumn preconcentration coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry for determination of lead and cadmium in environmental and biological samples,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 514, no. 2, pp. 151–157, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. T. Seki, H. Takigawa, Y. Hirano, Y. Ishibashi, and K. Oguma, “On-line preconcentration and determination of lead in iron and steel by flow injection-flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 513–516, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  18. T. Seki, Y. Hirano, and K. Oguma, “On-line preconcentration and determination of traces of lead in river-water and seawater by flow injection-flame atomic absorption spectrometry and ICP-mass spectrometry,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 351–354, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. J. Nakajima, Y. Hirano, and K. Oguma, “Determination of lead in seawater by flow-injection on-line preconcentration-electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry after coprecipitation with iron(III) hydroxide,” Analytical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 585–588, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Yin, Z. Jiang, G. Chang, and B. Hu, “Simultaneous on-line preconcentration and determination of trace metals in environmental samples by flow injection combined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry using a nanometer-sized alumina packed micro-column,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 540, no. 2, pp. 333–339, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. B. Dimitrova-Koleva, K. Benkhedda, E. Ivanova, and F. Adams, “Determination of trace elements in natural waters by inductively coupled plasma time of flight mass spectrometry after flow injection preconcentration in a knotted reactor,” Talanta, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 44–50, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. A. N. Anthemidis and S.-J. V. Koussoroplis, “Determination of chromium(VI) and lead in water samples by on-line sorption preconcentration coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry using a PCTFE-beads packed column,” Talanta, vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 1728–1733, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. P. K. Petrov, G. Wibetoe, and D. L. Tsalev, “Comparison between hydride generation and nebulization for sample introduction in the determination of lead in plants and water samples by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, using external calibration and isotope dilution,” Spectrochimica Acta Part B, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 50–57, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. S. Chen, Z. Zhang, H. Yu, W. Liu, and M. Sun, “Determination of trace lead by hydride generation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry,” Analytica Chimica Acta, vol. 463, no. 2, pp. 177–188, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. Z. Kılıç, E. Kendüzler, and O. Acar, “Determination of lead and copper in chewing gum samples by electrothermal-flame atomic absorption spectrometry using various chemical modifiers and arsenic by hydride generation,” Food Chemistry, vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 85–92, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. X. Lu, H. Lu, L. Ma, and Y. Cui, “The determination of lead by MD-HG-AFS in APMP-QM-P3 comparison,” Accreditation and Quality Assurance, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 208–211, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar