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Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Volume 2016, Article ID 5176320, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5176320
Research Article

Quantitative Clinical Diagnostic Analysis of Acetone in Human Blood by HPLC: A Metabolomic Search for Acetone as Indicator

1Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey
2Department of Leather Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Bornova, 35100 İzmir, Turkey
3Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey
4Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yuzuncu Yil University, 65080 Van, Turkey
5Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Arts, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioglu Campus, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey

Received 13 February 2016; Revised 26 April 2016; Accepted 4 May 2016

Academic Editor: Mohamed Abdel-Rehim

Copyright © 2016 Esin Akgul Kalkan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (2,4-DNPH) as a derivatizing reagent, an analytical method was developed for the quantitative determination of acetone in human blood. The determination was carried out at 365 nm using an ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) diode array detector (DAD). For acetone as its 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone derivative, a good separation was achieved with a ThermoAcclaim C18 column (15 cm 4.6 mm 3 m) at retention time () 12.10 min and flowrate of 1 mL min−1 using a (methanol/acetonitrile) water elution gradient. The methodology is simple, rapid, sensitive, and of low cost, exhibits good reproducibility, and allows the analysis of acetone in biological fluids. A calibration curve was obtained for acetone using its standard solutions in acetonitrile. Quantitative analysis of acetone in human blood was successfully carried out using this calibration graph. The applied method was validated in parameters of linearity, limit of detection and quantification, accuracy, and precision. We also present acetone as a useful tool for the HPLC-based metabolomic investigation of endogenous metabolism and quantitative clinical diagnostic analysis.