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Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1486497, 6 pages
Research Article

A Simple, Fast, and Inexpensive Simultaneous Determination of Trace Bismuth(III) and Lead(II) in Water Samples by Adsorptive Stripping Voltammetry

Department of Analytical Chemistry and Instrumental Analysis, Faculty of Chemistry, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, 20-031 Lublin, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Malgorzata Grabarczyk

Received 12 June 2017; Accepted 25 July 2017; Published 28 August 2017

Academic Editor: Bengi Uslu

Copyright © 2017 Malgorzata Grabarczyk and Marzena Adamczyk. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A simple, fast, and inexpensive voltammetric method for the simultaneous determination of trace bismuth(III) and lead(II) using (Hg(Ag)FE) as a working electrode was optimized. For adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of Bi(III) and Pb(II) in a single scan, the cupferron was applied as a complexing agent. Experimental conditions under which these elements can be simultaneously detected include 0.1 mol L−1 acetate buffer (pH = 4.6), 1 × 10−4 mol L−1 cupferron, accumulation potential −0.05 V, and accumulation time 30 s. The experiments were performed without deaeration of the solutions. The calibration graph was linear from 2 × 10−9 mol L−1 to 1 × 10−7 mol L−1 for the simultaneous presence of bismuth and lead. The detection limits for preconcentration time of 30 s were 6.7 × 10−10 mol L−1 and 8.8 × 10−10 mol L−1 for bismuth and lead, respectively. The application of this procedure was tested by analyzing certified reference material (SPS-WW1 Wastewater) and Lake Zemborzyce water (eastern areas of Poland).