Journal of Aging Research / 2010 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Humor Therapy: Relieving Chronic Pain and Enhancing Happiness for Older Adults

Table 2

Comparison of experimental & control groups: baseline (week 1) versus postintervention (week 8).

Experimental group ( = 36) -value Control group ( = 34) -value -value -value
Baseline (week 1) Mean ± SDPost interventio (week 8) Mean ± SDBaseline (week 1) Mean ± SDPost intervention (week 8) Mean ± SD

Pain5.19 ± 2.123.22 ± 1.480.000*5.5 ± 1.885.18 ± 1.620.1500.6120.000*
Happiness16.19 ± 5.1423.03 ± 3.400.000*16.82 ± 4.917.00 ± 4.650.9580.6280.000*
UCLA (Loneliness)42.50 ± 8.2539.44 ± 7.960.001*43.29 ± 9.1442.85 ± 8.920.2910.6290.096
Life Satisfaction10.50 ± 2.8812.67 ± 2.220.000*10.12 ± 3.2110.32 ± 2.760.4700.7360.001*

Experimental versus control group at baseline (week 1); (Mann-Whitney U Test).
Experimental group (baseline versus postintervention); (Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test).
Control group (baseline versus postintervention); (Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test).
Experimental group versus control group postintervention (week 8); (Mann-Whitney U Test).
*A -value of <.05 was considered statistically significant.

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