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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 147929, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/147929
Research Article

Physical and Leisure Activity in Older Community-Dwelling Canadians Who Use Wheelchairs: A Population Study

1Rehabilitation Sciences Graduate Program, University of British Columbia, T325-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, Canada V6T 2B5
2GF Strong Rehabilitation Centre, 4255 Laurel Street, Vancouver, Canada V5Z 2G9

Received 2 September 2010; Revised 4 January 2011; Accepted 17 February 2011

Academic Editor: Iris Reuter

Copyright © 2011 Krista L. Best and William C. Miller. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Physical and leisure activities are proven health promotion modalities and have not been examined in older wheelchair users. Main Objectives. Examine physical and leisure activity in older wheelchair users and explore associations between wheelchair use and participation in physical and leisure activity, and wheelchair use, physical and leisure activity, and perceived health. Methods. 8301 Canadians ≥60 years of age were selected from the Canadian Community Health Survey. Sociodemographic, health-related, mobility-related, and physical and leisure activity variables were analysed using logistic regression to determine, the likelihood of participation in physical and leisure activity, and whether participation in physical and leisure activities mediates the relationship between wheelchair use and perceived health. Results. 8.3% and 41.3% older wheelchair users were physically and leisurely active. Wheelchair use was a risk factor for reduced participation in physical ( ) and leisure activity ( ). Wheelchair use was a risk factor for poor perceived health ( ) and physical and leisure activity negatively mediated the relationship between wheelchair user and perceived health. Conclusion. There is a need for the development of suitable physical and leisure activity interventions for older wheelchair users. Participation in such interventions may have associations with health benefits.