Table 1: Characteristics of pre- and post-menopausal women before and after the Tai Chi training period.

Pre-M womenPost-M women

Age (yrs) # #
Height (cm)
Body weight (kg)
BMI (kg·m−2) # #
Body fat (%) * *
SBP (mmHg) # #
DBP (mmHg)
Resting HR (beats·min−1)
Balance (sec) * # *#
Flexibility (cm) * *
1-RM load leg curl (kg)
1-RM load leg extension (kg) * *
1-RM load biceps curl (kg)
1-RM load biceps extension (kg)
(mL·kg−1·min−1) # #

Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation; * : different from Pre-training in Pre-M and Post-M; # : different from Pre-M in Pre-training and Post-training; Pre-M: premenopausal women group; Post-M: postmenopausal women group; BMI: body mass index; SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure; HR: heart rate.