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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 374653, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/374653
Review Article

Treatment and Prevention of Osteoarthritis through Exercise and Sports

1Orthopaedic Department, University of Basel, Spitalstr. 21, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
2Osteoarthritis Research Group, University of Basel, 4003 Basel, Switzerland

Received 18 September 2010; Accepted 1 November 2010

Academic Editor: Iris Reuter

Copyright © 2011 Victor Valderrabano and Christina Steiger. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease with a high prevalence among older people. To date, the pathogenesis of the disease and the link between muscle function and OA is not entirely understood. As there is no known cure for OA, current research focuses on prevention and symptomatic treatment of the disorder. Recent research has indicated that muscle weakness precedes the onset of OA symptoms. Furthermore, several studies show a beneficial effect of land-based aerobic and strengthening exercises on pain relief and joint function. Therefore, current research focuses on the possibility to employ exercise and sports in the prevention and treatment of OA.