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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011, Article ID 379674, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/379674
Review Article

Aerobic Exercise and Whole-Body Vibration in Offsetting Bone Loss in Older Adults

1Department of Nutrition, Food and Exercise Sciences, The Florida State University, 120 Convocation Way, 418 Sandels Building, Tallahassee, FL 32306-1493, USA
2College of Medicine, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4300, USA

Received 24 August 2010; Accepted 2 December 2010

Academic Editor: Ben Hurley

Copyright © 2011 Pei-Yang Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Osteoporosis and its associated fractures are common complications of aging and most strategies to prevent and/or treat bone loss focused on antiresorptive medications. However, aerobic exercise (AEX) and/or whole-body vibration (WBV) might have beneficial effect on bone mass and provide an alternative approach to increase or maintain bone mineral density (BMD) and reduce the risk of fractures. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the potential benefits of AEX and WBV on BMD in older population and discuss the possible mechanisms of action. Several online databases were utilized and based on the available literature the consensus is that both AEX and WBV may increase spine and femoral BMD in older adults. Therefore, AEX and WBV could serve as nonpharmacological and complementary approaches to increasing/maintaining BMD. However, it is uncertain if noted effects could be permanent and further studies are needed to investigate sustainability of either type of the exercise.