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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 430802, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/430802
Review Article

Cognitive Speed of Processing Training Can Promote Community Mobility among Older Adults: A Brief Review

1Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, 1023 Millmont Street, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
2School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA

Received 26 November 2010; Accepted 31 March 2011

Academic Editor: Lynda Anderson

Copyright © 2011 Melissa L. O'Connor et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Community mobility is crucial for maintaining independent functioning and quality of life for older adults. Purpose. The present paper describes the relationship of cognition, particularly speed of processing as measured by the Useful Field of View Test, to mobility as indicated by driving behaviors, life space, and falls among healthy older adults. Research examining the impact of cognitive speed of processing training (SOPT) on older adults' community mobility (i.e., driving behaviors) is also summarized. Key Issues. Even slight cognitive declines can place older adults at risk for mobility limitations. However, cognitive interventions like SOPT can mitigate declines in driving mobility. Implications. The potential of SOPT to sustain community mobility among older adults is discussed.