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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2012, Article ID 352942, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/352942
Research Article

First Steps towards Evidence-Based Preventive Home Visits: Experiences Gathered in a Swedish Municipality

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden

Received 24 February 2011; Accepted 20 May 2011

Academic Editor: Frank Oswald

Copyright © 2012 Charlotte Löfqvist et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The purpose of preventive home visits is to promote overall health and wellbeing in old age. The aim of this paper was to describe the process of the development of evidence-based preventive home visits, targeting independent community-living older persons. The evidence base was generated from published studies and practical experiences. The results demonstrate that preventive home visits should be directed to persons 80 years old and older and involve various professional competences. The visits should be personalized, lead to concrete interventions, and be followed up. The health areas assessed should derive from a broad perspective and include social, psychological, and medical aspects. Core components in the protocol developed in this study captured physical, medical, psychosocial, and environmental aspects. Results of a pilot study showed that the protocol validly identified health risks among older people with different levels of ADL dependence.