Journal of Aging Research / 2013 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Factors Associated with Women’s Chronic Disease Management: Associations of Healthcare Frustrations, Physician Support, and Self-Care Needs

Table 1

Sample characteristics by age and needing help learning HOW to take better care of own health.

Total 
Age groupNeed help learning How to care for health
44 to 64 
65+ 
or No 
Yes 
or

Age
 44 to 64 years65.6%64.4%68.0%0.380.536
 65+34.4%35.6%32.0%
Race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic white88.5%86.8%91.8%1.630.20291.5%82.8%4.780.029
 Non-White11.5%13.2%8.2%8.5%17.2%
Education
 High school or less38.3%32.8%49.0%7.140.00834.0%46.5%4.230.040
 Some college or more61.7%67.2%51.0%66.0%53.5%
Marital status
 Unmarried31.0%28.0%36.7%2.280.13127.8%37.0%2.570.109
 Married69.0%72.0%63.3%72.2%63.0%
Residential rurality
 Urban25.2%17.4%8.0%0.330.84723.5%28.3%1.950.376
 Suburban50.0%48.9%52.0%49.2%51.5%
 Rural24.8%24.7%24.5%27.3%20.2%
Limited activities for any reason (physically/mentally/emotionally)
 No67.4%64.7%72.4%1.750.18671.3%60.0%3.780.052
 Yes32.6%35.3%27.6%28.7%40.0%
Get help and support to improve health and manage health problems
 Never5.6%6.3%4.0%1.270.8665.9%5.0%7.980.092
 Rarely9.7%9.5%10.1%9.0%11.0%
 Occasionally17.7%11.8%5.9%14.9%23.0%
 Frequently31.9%21.5%10.4%29.8%36.0%
 Always35.1%33.3%38.4%40.4%25.0%
Rely on internet for ongoing support to manage health problems
 No54.7%45.0%73.5%21.15<0.00153.7%56.6%0.210.646
 Yes45.3%55.0%26.5%46.3%43.4%
Number of medications taken daily3.67 (±3.83)3.64 (±4.18)3.73 (±3.08)−0.200.8433.58 (±3.77)3.84 (±3.96)−0.560.574
Number of physician visits in the previous 12 months3.07 (±1.94)3.10 (±2.00)3.00 (±1.83)0.410.6843.00 (±1.97)3.18 (±1.89)−0.750.452

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