Journal of Aging Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Prevalence of Frailty Indicators and Association with Socioeconomic Status in Middle-Aged and Older Adults in a Swiss Region with Universal Health Insurance Coverage: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Table 2

Participants’ characteristics by the number of frailty indicators present, Bus Santé study, Geneva, 2006–2010, = 2,930.

Participant characteristic0 frailty indicator

63.5%
1 frailty indicator

28.7%
2 or more frailty indicators

7.8%
value*
% or mean (SE)% or mean (SE)% or mean (SE)

Age, years, mean (SE)57.5 (0.1)63.0 (0.3)68.8 (0.5)<0.0001
Women (%)47.856.157.8<0.0001
Age 50–65 years (%)87.157.224.7<0.0001
Age ≥ 65 years (%)12.942.875.3<0.0001
Swiss nationality (%)78.580.375.10.183
Education level (%)
 Low13.418.024.4<0.0001
 Middle44.947.642.4
 High41.634.433.2
Household income (%)
 <499916.628.849.0<0.0001
 5000–949943.541.531.0
 >950039.929.720.1
Hypertension (%)42.553.664.9<0.0001
Diabetes (%)5.87.58.80.069
Myocardial infarction (%)2.12.93.60.170
Angina pectoris (%)2.13.25.10.009
Cerebral or legs vascular obstruction (%)2.23.75.60.001
Current smoker (%)15.416.916.60.569
Body mass index, kg/m2, mean (SE)26.3 (0.2)25.7 (0.2)26.0 (1.3)0.076
Waist-to-hip ratio, mean (SE)0.89 (0.00)0.88 (0.00)0.88 (0.01)0.326
Serum total cholesterol, mmol/L, mean (SE)5.64 (0.02) 5.65 (0.03)5.48 (0.06)0.027
Serum HDL cholesterol, mmol/L, mean (SE)1.44 (0.01)1.46 (0.01)1.50 (0.02)0.045
Serum triglycerides, mmol/L, mean (SE)1.31 (0.02)1.34 (0.03)1.20 (0.03)0.009

Rao-Scott Chi-square test for dichotomous and categorical variables and tests for continuous variables.

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