Journal of Aging Research / 2014 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Prevalence of Frailty Indicators and Association with Socioeconomic Status in Middle-Aged and Older Adults in a Swiss Region with Universal Health Insurance Coverage: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Table 3

Multivariate associations (odds ratios OR, 95% CI) of characteristics with groups of number of frailty indicators, Bus Santé study, Geneva, 2006–2010, = 2,930.

Participant characteristicFrailty indicators group (ref = 0)OR (95% CI)

Age ≥ 65 years versus 50–65 years2+ versus 019.4 (13.5–27.9)*
1 versus 04.9 (4.0–6.0)*
Male 2+ versus 01.02 (0.66–1.59)
1 versus 00.72 (0.55–0.94)*
Swiss nationality 2+ versus 00.77 (0.54–1.11)
1 versus 01.05 (0.83–1.32)
Education
 Low2+ versus 01.17 (0.75–1.83)
1 versus 01.28 (0.96–1.71)
 Middle2+ versus 00.82 (0.58–1.16)
1 versus 01.09 (0.89–1.35)
 High2+ versus 0Ref
1 versus 0Ref
Household income
 <4999 CHF2+ versus 02.16 (1.36–3.44)*†
1 versus 01.31 (1.00–1.72)*
 5000–9499 CHF2+ versus 00.83 (0.55–1.27)
1 versus 00.94 (0.75–1.17)
 >9500 CHF2+ versus 0Ref
1 versus 0Ref
Hypertension 2+ versus 01.88 (1.32–2.68)*
1 versus 01.40 (1.15–1.70)*
Diabetes 2+ versus 01.19 (0.66–2.15)
1 versus 01.20 (0.83–1.72)
Myocardial infarction 2+ versus 00.78 (0.37–1.64)
1 versus 00.96 (0.54–1.71)
Angina pectoris 2+ versus 01.69 (0.83–3.43)
1 versus 01.24 (0.73–2.10)
Cerebral or legs vascular obstruction 2+ versus 01.70 (0.85–3.41)
1 versus 01.40 (0.81–2.44)
Current smoker 2+ versus 01.83 (1.19–2.81)*
1 versus 01.43 (1.03–1.68)*
Body mass index, kg/m22+ versus 00.99 (0.89–1.10)
1 versus 00.96 (0.93–0.99)*
Waist-to-hip ratio2+ versus 00.02 (0.01–0.40)*
1 versus 00.73 (0.15–3.68)
Serum total cholesterol, mmol/L2+ versus 00.82 (0.69–0.98)*
1 versus 00.98 (0.89–1.09)
Serum triglycerides, mmol/L2+ versus 00.98 (0.76–1.27)
1 versus 01.12 (0.99–1.26)
Serum HDL cholesterol, mmol/L2+ versus 01.57 (0.95–2.59)
1 versus 01.09 (0.82–1.47)

All models are adjusted for survey year, age, gender, Swiss nationality, education level, monthly household income, hypertension, diabetes, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, arterial obstruction, current smoking status, BMI, waist-to-hip ratio, serum total cholesterol, serum triglycerides, and serum HDL cholesterol.
*Statistically significant associations ( value < 0.05); statistically significant interactions ( value < 0.05) with age category (50–64.9 years versus 65 years or more).
(1 CHF ≈ 1 US$.)

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