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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 576592, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/576592
Research Article

Psychological Impacts among Older and Younger People Living with HIV/AIDS in Nanning, China

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3Nanning Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning 530023, China

Received 9 January 2014; Accepted 6 July 2014; Published 14 July 2014

Academic Editor: Holly M. Brown-Borg

Copyright © 2014 Hongjie Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objectives. The HIV epidemic has drastically increased among older adults in China, yet little research has examined the psychological impacts among older and younger people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs). This study examined and compared self-efficacy, depression, well-being, and quality of life among older and younger PLWHAs in China. Method. A two-stage sampling procedure was used to recruit a final sample of 148 participants. Older adults were defined as age 50 and older. Result. Compared to younger PLWHAs aged 18–49 years old, older PLWHAs reported lower levels of well-being (7.6 versus 11.4), higher levels of depression (18.6 versus 15.8), and poorer quality of life. Self-efficacy was similar among older (23.9) and younger (24.6) PLWHAs. A higher level of depression among older PLWHAs was associated with much lower levels of subjective well-being and quality of life (physical health and psychological health). Conclusion. The findings suggest that older PLWHAs face psychological problems and mental health challenges beyond those experienced by younger PLWHAs. Intervention programs dedicated to improving mental health and quality of life are greatly needed for HIV infected older adults.