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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 393761, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/393761
Review Article

Health Status and Health Determinants of Older Immigrant Women in Canada: A Scoping Review

1School of Nursing, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5B 2K3
2School of Health Science, Humber College ITAL, 205 Humber College Boulevard, Toronto, ON, Canada M9W 5L7

Received 19 April 2015; Accepted 1 July 2015

Academic Editor: Wojtek Chodzko-Zajko

Copyright © 2015 Sepali Guruge et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Increasing international migration in the context of aging populations makes a comprehensive understanding of older immigrant women’s health status and determinants of their health particularly urgent. Using Arksey and O’Malley’s framework, we conducted a scoping review to examine the available literature on the health of older immigrant women in Canada. We searched CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane databases for the period of 1990 to 2014 for Canadian-based, peer-reviewed studies on the topic. A total of 20 articles met the inclusion criteria. These articles were divided into six areas of focus: physical health; mental health; abuse; health promotion and chronic disease prevention; barriers to healthcare access and utilization; and health beliefs, behaviours, and practices. Our results show that the health of older immigrant women is affected by the interplay of various social determinants of health including the physical and social environment; economic conditions; cultural beliefs; gendered norms; and the healthcare delivery system. Our results also revealed that older immigrant women tend to have more health problems, underutilize preventive services, such as cancer screening, and experience more difficulties in accessing healthcare services.