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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 8984725, 6 pages
Clinical Study

Novel Combined Training Approach Improves Sleep Quality but Does Not Change Body Composition in Healthy Elderly Women: A Preliminary Study

1Physical Education Department, Ceuma University, São Luis, MA, Brazil
2Faculty of Physical Education, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil
3Human Performance Research Laboratory, University of Pernambuco, Petrolina, PE, Brazil
4Health Science Graduate Programs, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luis, MA, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi; moc.liamg@ocseravabonurbrosseforp

Received 28 April 2017; Revised 21 June 2017; Accepted 3 July 2017; Published 14 September 2017

Academic Editor: Jean-Francois Grosset

Copyright © 2017 Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72.6 (±10.1) mmHg diastolic blood pressure. The training protocol consisted of resistance training exercises (approximately 18-minute duration) combined with aerobic exercises (approximately 26-minute duration), performed interspersed in the same session, for 8 weeks (3 times a week), with a 24-hour interval rest between each session. Continuous variables were expressed as the mean (±standard deviation) and the paired sample -test compares baseline with final measurement. The results showed a significant improvement in quality of sleep (4.9 ± 1.5 versus 3.8 ± 1.8 for total PSQI index) without body significant improvements in the fat-free mass (59.9 ± 4.0 versus 60.5 ± 4.4; ) and fat mass (40.1 ± 4.0 versus 39.5 ± 4.4; ) in healthy elderly women. In this sense, the novel combined training proposed may be an effective alternative or adjunct to present therapies aimed at improving the sleep quality in this population.