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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2018, Article ID 4086294, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4086294
Research Article

The Impact of Quality of Life on the Health of Older People from a Multidimensional Perspective

1Faculty of Social Work, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
2Faculty of Social Studies, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Luis Miguel Rondón García; moc.liamg@1anargdam

Received 4 November 2017; Revised 2 April 2018; Accepted 19 April 2018; Published 16 May 2018

Academic Editor: Antonello Lorenzini

Copyright © 2018 Luis Miguel Rondón García and Jose Manuel Ramírez Navarrro. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. This research analyzes the impact of quality of life as a metavariable that conditions the health and social welfare of the elderly. The sample of this study is composed of 500 people, randomly selected from the major day centers for the elderly in the province of Granada (Spain). Method. For the inferential analysis, we used the CUBRECAVI questionnaire, which is a multidimensional scale of health and quality of life, along with the Katz and García measure questionnaires, which are also applied to quality of life. Through the technique of the interview, we have distributed the participants into two groups: experimental and control. Results and Conclusions. Once the tests have been completed, we have concluded from the meta-analysis and validation tests that the participants have a good perception of their quality of life, considering health, leisure, environmental quality, functional capacity, level of satisfaction, social support, social networks, and positive social interactions as the determinants of their well-being, although social contact reduces as the age advances. We conclude that multidimensional evaluation is an effective tool to evaluate the quality of life and the objective and subjective health of the elderly. These variables can be related to the improvement of health and well-being.