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Journal of Aging Research
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 7218102, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7218102
Research Article

Effects of a 12-Week Exercise Training Program on Physical Function in Institutionalized Frail Elderly

1Interdisciplinary Center for Research Integrated Colleges Promove Brasília, Brasília, Brazil
2Medical Faculty, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Brazil
3Physical Education Program, Catholic University of Brasília (UCB-DF), Brasília, Brazil
4Physical Education Program, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Aparecido Pimentel Ferreira; moc.liamg@letnemipodic

Received 10 August 2017; Accepted 20 November 2017; Published 11 January 2018

Academic Editor: Adam B. Salmon

Copyright © 2018 Cristiane Batisti Ferreira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

With the increase in life expectancy, the Brazilian elderly population has risen considerably. However, longevity is usually accompanied by problems such as the loss of functional capacity, cognitive decline, frailty syndrome, and deterioration in anthropometric parameters, particularly among those living in long-term care facilities. This randomized controlled trial aimed to verify the effects of exercise training on biochemical, inflammatory, and anthropometric indices and functional performance in institutionalized frail elderly. The sample consisted of 37 elderly people of both genders, aged 76.1 ± 7.7 years, who were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 13 individuals in the exercise group (EG) and 24 in the control group (CG). Anthropometrics, clinical history, functional tests, and biochemical evaluation were measured before and after the completion of a physical exercise program, which lasted for 12 weeks. The 12-week exercise program for frail elderly residents in a long-term care facility was efficient in improving muscle strength, speed, agility, and biochemical variables, with reversal of the frailty condition in a considerable number. However, no effects in anthropometric and inflammatory parameters were noted.