Journal of Aging Research / 2020 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Multicomponent Exercise Training Improves Gait Ability of Older Women Rather than Strength Training: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Table 1

Peak torque and rate of torque development around ankle, knee, and hip joints during maximal voluntary isometric contraction for multicomponent and strength groups at pretraining and posttraining.

Multicomponent groupStrength group value
PrePostPrePost

Peak torque
Hip flexion (N.m)47.2 (23.1)47.1 (15.4)48.3 (14.5)58.0 (14.7)ab0.020
Hip extension (N.m)108.1 (72.3)99.0 (45.8)93.5 (40.9)126.9 (37.9)ab0.009
Knee flexion (N.m)24.9 (9.3)25.9 (8.9)27.6 (8.3)35.9 (8.3)ab0.001
Knee extension (N.m)58.5 (29.6)69.6 (32.1)81.3 (29.2)93.9 (31.4)0.842
Plantar flexion (N.m)15.0 (6.1)19.4 (8.5)20.2 (8.7)21.6 (6.5)0.198
Plantar extension (N.m)12.9 (5.4)15.3 (5.3)15.2 (6.0)18.8 (7.8)0.364

RTD
Hip flexion (N.m.s−1)0.27 (0.24)0.21 (0.16)0.24 (0.14)0.27 (0.11)0.081
Hip extension (N.m.s−1)0.26 (0.25)0.27 (0.45)0.35 (0.22)0.31 (0.14)0.527
Knee flexion (N.m.s−1)0.12 (0.07)0.11 (0.07)0.12 (0.05)0.16 (0.08)0.063
Knee extension (N.m.s−1)0.16 (0.10)0.15 (0.10)0.24 (0.13)0.31 (0.17)ab0.001
Plantar flexion (N.m.s−1)0.06 (0.06)0.05 (0.04)0.07 (0.05)0.06 (0.03)0.697
Plantar extension (N.m.s−1)0.03 (0.01)0.03 (0.01)0.05 (0.02)0.05 (0.02)0.621

Main time effect ; a: different from pretraining; b: different from multicomponent group at posttraining; RTD: rate of torque development.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.