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Journal of Advanced Transportation
Volume 2017, Article ID 4720627, 11 pages
Research Article

Impacts of Smart Configuration in Pedelec-Sharing: Evidence from a Panel Survey in Madrid

1Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Av. Prof. Aranguren s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2KTI Institute for Transport Sciences, Than Károly utca 3–5, Budapest 1119, Hungary

Correspondence should be addressed to András Munkácsy; uh.itk@sardna.yscaknum

Received 30 April 2017; Accepted 14 June 2017; Published 15 August 2017

Academic Editor: Juan C. Cano

Copyright © 2017 András Munkácsy and Andrés Monzón. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Despite the recently increasing research interest, this is one of the first studies employing a panel sample of users and nonusers to understand the bike-sharing phenomenon (). On the basis of a novel surveying technique, a case study on the clients of the state-of-the-art bike-sharing scheme of Madrid (Spain) is presented. BiciMAD is a system of the latest generation, namely, multimodal demand responsive bike-sharing: a fleet of electric pedal-assisted bicycles (pedelecs) with an advanced technology and unique smart service configuration to tackle challenges that may hinder the promotion of cycling and bike-sharing in the city. A statistical test has verified that there is a moderate association between previous intention and actual use of bike-sharing (Cramer’s V = 0.25) and both barriers and motivators of further use have been identified. Indicators on mobility patterns show that although drawing primarily from other sustainable modes of transport, bike-sharing has increased mobility (total number and distance of trips) and especially active travel but decreased the perceived travel time.