Table 2: The optimizing result compared with the conventional method.

Method and evaluationMinimizing passenger delayBilevel model
(5%)
Delay
variation (s)
Bilevel model
(10%)
Delay
variation (s)

Cycle time (s)114108102
Green (s)605448
Green (s)151515
Green (s)303030
Average vehicle delay (s)
(Straight-priority direction)
31.0832.451.37
(4.41%)
33.952.87
(9.23%)
Average vehicle delay (s)
(Left-turn-priority direction)
86.9581.04−5.91
(−6.79%)
75.15−11.8
(−13.57%)
Average vehicle delay (s)
(Nonpriority direction)
127.88116.60−11.28
(−8.82%)
105.3422.54
(−17.63%)
Average person delay (s)
(Entire intersection)
19.1619.260.1
(0.52%)
19.420.26
(1.36%)