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Journal of Advanced Transportation
Volume 2018, Article ID 2696037, 16 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/2696037
Research Article

Transportation Planning through GIS and Multicriteria Analysis: Case Study of Beijing and XiongAn

1School of Civil and Resource Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing, China
2Professor at Transportation Department, Technical University of Sofia, Bulgaria
3Vindhyan Ecology and Natural History Foundation, Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, India
4College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, China
5Department of Engineering, University of Michigan, Dearborn, USA
6Public Works Department, Bikaner, India
7School of Civil and Resource Engineering, University of Science and Technology, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Asim Farooq; moc.liamg@4321qoorafmisa and Mowen Xie; nc.ude.btsu@eixnewom

Received 30 December 2017; Revised 27 April 2018; Accepted 17 July 2018; Published 18 October 2018

Academic Editor: Emanuele Crisostomi

Copyright © 2018 Asim Farooq et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Urban population growth and urbanization with its impact on urban planning require continuous research in order to address the challenges posed by transportation requirements. Identifying transportation capacity (road and railways) is an important task that can identify whether the network is capable of sustaining the present volume of traffic and whether it can handle the future intended traffic flow. A new city, XiongAn, will be built in the coming years in order to relieve the pressure of population on Beijing and disperse the economic growth, business activity, and opportunities across the country. The focus of this research is to generate a transportation model between Beijing and XiongAn, in order to increase connection and connectivity, reduce travel time, and increase transfer capacity between the two hubs (Beijing-XiongAn). The existing transportation network between two cities is analyzed and a network which can handle future demand has been proposed. The first stage has been the investigation of a variety of options using geographic information system (GIS). Planning and implementing a mass transit system requires choosing among options such as an existing intercity railway line, a new high-speed railway line, and/or motorway options. In the second phase of our analysis, we assess these options relative to multiple criteria, using the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The options were evaluated using various criteria responsible for selection of alternative; it is found that travel time, cost of travel, safety, reliability, accessibility, and environment are key criteria for selecting the best alternative. The GIS and multicriteria analysis suggested that the best option is to build a new high speed railway line.