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Journal of Advanced Transportation
Volume 2019, Article ID 9893615, 15 pages
Review Article

Critical Literature Review into Planning of Inter-Terminal Transport: In Port Areas and the Hinterland

1Department of Marine and Transport Technology, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
2Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Department of Transport & Planning, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands
3Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
4School of Aviation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Correspondence should be addressed to Qu Hu; ln.tfledut@uh.q

Received 3 January 2019; Revised 17 April 2019; Accepted 7 May 2019; Published 10 June 2019

Academic Editor: Stefano de Luca

Copyright © 2019 Qu Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nowadays, the major ports around the world usually consist of multiple terminals and service centers which are often run by different operators. Meanwhile, inland terminals have been also developed to reduce port congestion and improve transport efficiency. The integrated planning of inter-terminal transport (ITT) between the seaport and inland terminals helps in providing frequent and profitable services, but also could lead to higher overall planning complexity. Moreover, the ITT system usually involves multiple stakeholders with different or even conflicting interests. Although an increasing number of studies have been conducted in recent years, few studies have summarized the research findings and indicated the directions for future research regarding ITT. This paper provides a systemic review of ITT planning: we examine 77 scientific journal papers to identify what kind of objectives should be achieved in ITT system planning, which actors should be involved, and what methodologies can be used to support the decision-making process. Based on the analysis of the existing research, several research gaps can be found. For example, the multi-modality ITT systems are rarely studied; cooperation frameworks are needed in the coordination of different actors and quantitative methodologies should be developed to reflect the different actors’ financial interests.