Journal of Advanced Transportation / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Aberrant Driving Behaviours on Risk Involvement among Drivers in China

Table 2

Five-factor solution (varimax rotation) for the Driver Behaviour Questionnaire.

StructureM (SD)Loadings
12345

1. Violations (Cronbach’s α=0.860)
(Q23) Disregard the speed limits late at night or very early in the morning1.95 (0.99)0.70
(Q11) Speeding through the intersection at the end of the yellow light1.63 (0.83)0.67
(Q8) Honk to the driver in front to go faster or give way1.88 (0.87)0.65
(Q21) Speeding when not monitored1.77 (0.88)0.63
(Q27) Keep close distance with the front car1.52 (0.71)0.62
(Q10) When seeing the headlights coming on at night, turn on the headlights too2.02 (1.05)0.61
(Q4) Continuous lane change or rapid acceleration/deceleration1.58 (0.79)0.61
(Q15) Pass a slow driver on the right side1.56 (0.78)0.59
(Q7) Crossing red-light signal when not monitored1.55 (0.78)0.57
(Q19) Try to walk through the zebra crossing firstly before pedestrian.1.42 (0.73)0.52

2. Distracted driving (Cronbach’s α=0.666)
(Q12) Operate the on-board system while driving (such as playing music, adjusting radio, or air-conditioning)2.41 (1.04)0.70
(Q22) Talk with a passenger when driving2.76 (1.12)0.61
(Q1) Call someone when driving2.38 (0.93)0.51
(Q16) Visit the web or watch movies while driving1.25 (0.55)0.75
(Q25) Read messages while driving (SMS, WeChat, or QQ messages)1.78 (0.83)0.59

3. Errors (Cronbach’s α=0.649)
(Q2) Fail to check the rear/side mirror before lane changing1.6 (0.64)0.70
(Q3) Fail to judge the speed and distance of an oncoming car when overtaking1.44 (0.66)0.55
(Q5) Fail to notice give-way signs for pedestrians and cyclists and not deceleration2.01 (1.09)0.42
(Q6) Fail to notice pedestrians or cyclists when turning right/left.1.55 (0.86)0.78
(Q9) Fail to turn on the turn signal when lane changing1.73 (0.82)0.45
(Q13) Brake suddenly on the slippery road.1.76 (1.22)0.61

4. Drunk driving (Cronbach’s α=0.622)
(Q20) Drive after a little of alcohol when there are no policemen1.1 (0.34)0.79
(Q14) Drive after a little of alcohol when needing to take to someone else home1.13 (0.37)0.74
(Q17) Drive back even though you may be over the legal blood-alcohol limit1.15 (0.46)0.65
(Q28) Drive after a little of alcoholic beverage1.15 (0.48)0.58

5. Fatigued driving (Cronbach’s α=0.638)
(Q18) Feel tired or sleepy when driving2.44 (1.06)0.79
(Q24) Frequently fell sleepy because of insufficient sleep time or higher work pressure when driving2.3 (1.14)0.70
(Q26) Suddenly wake up after driving for a long time on the highway1.47 (0.66)0.55
% of variance explained26.079.408.027.385.58

1A cut-off point of 0.40 was used for item loading values and factor loadings below 0.40 were omitted for the sake of clarity.

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