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International Journal of Reacting Systems
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 310740, 8 pages
Research Article

Effect of Hydrogen Content and Dilution on Laminar Burning Velocity and Stability Characteristics of Producer Gas-Air Mixtures

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110 016, India

Received 5 September 2007; Revised 27 March 2008; Accepted 5 June 2008

Academic Editor: Lea-Der Chen

Copyright © 2008 V. Ratna Kishore et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Producer gas is one of the promising alternative fuels with typical constituents of H2, CO, CH4, N2, and CO2. The laminar burning velocity of producer gas was computed for a wide range of operating conditions. Flame stability due to preferential diffusional effects was also investigated. Computations were carried out for spherical outwardly propagating flames and planar flames. Different reaction mechanisms were assessed for the prediction of laminar burning velocities of CH4, H2, H2-CO, and CO-CH4 and results showed that the Warnatz reaction mechanism with C1 chemistry was the smallest among the tested mechanisms with reasonably accurate predictions for all fuels at 1 bar, 300 K. To study the effect of variation in the producer gas composition, each of the fuel constituents in ternary CH4-H2-CO mixtures was varied between 0 to 48%, while keeping diluents fixed at 10% CO2 and 42% N2 by volume. Peak burning velocity shifted from to 1.1 as the combined volumetric percentage of hydrogen and CO varied from 48% to 0%. Unstable flames due to preferential diffusion effects were observed for lean mixtures of fuel with high hydrogen content. The present results indicate that H2 has a strong influence on the combustion of producer gas.