Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Combustion
Volume 2016, Article ID 9243651, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9243651
Research Article

Thermodynamic Model for Updraft Gasifier with External Recirculation of Pyrolysis Gas

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sriwijaya, Jalan Raya Palembang - Prabumulih km 32, Indralaya, Ogan Ilir, Sumatera Selatan 30662, Indonesia
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus Baru UI Depok, Jawa Barat 16424, Indonesia

Received 7 September 2015; Revised 19 December 2015; Accepted 22 December 2015

Academic Editor: Ishwar K. Puri

Copyright © 2016 Fajri Vidian et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Plis and R. K. Wilk, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of biomass gasification process in a fixed bed gasifier,” Energy, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 3838–3845, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. H. Susanto and A. A. C. M. Beenackers, “A moving-bed gasifier with internal recycle of pyrolysis gas,” Fuel, vol. 75, no. 11, pp. 1339–1347, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Cao, Y. Wang, J. T. Riley, and W.-P. Pan, “A novel biomass air gasification process for producing tar-free higher heating value fuel gas,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 343–353, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Surjosatyo, F. Vidian, and Y. S. Nugroho, “Experimental gasification of biomass in an updraft gasifier with external recirculation of pyrolysis gases,” Journal of Combustion, vol. 2014, Article ID 832989, 6 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C. Chen, Y.-Q. Jin, J.-H. Yan, and Y. Chi, “Simulation of municipal solid waste gasification in two different types of fixed bed reactors,” Fuel, vol. 103, pp. 58–63, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. He, X. Feng, and K. H. Chu, “Process modeling and thermodynamic analysis of Lurgi fixed-bed coal gasifier in an SNG plant,” Applied Energy, vol. 111, pp. 742–757, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. W. Doherty, A. Reynolds, and D. Kennedy, “The effect of air preheating in a biomass CFB gasifier using ASPEN Plus simulation,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 1158–1167, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P.-C. Kuo, W. Wu, and W.-H. Chen, “Gasification performances of raw and torrefied biomass in a downdraft fixed bed gasifier using thermodynamic analysis,” Fuel, vol. 117, part B, pp. 1231–1241, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Jarungthammachote and A. Dutta, “Equilibrium modeling of gasification: gibbs free energy minimization approach and its application to spouted bed and spout-fluid bed gasifiers,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 1345–1356, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Li and K. Suzuki, “Tar property, analysis, reforming mechanism and model for biomass gasification—an overview,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 594–604, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W.-G. Wu, Y.-H. Luo, Y. Chen et al., “Experimental investigation of tar conversion under inert and partial oxidation conditions in a continuous reactor,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 2721–2729, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Begum, M. G. Rasul, D. Akbar, and N. Ramzan, “Performance analysis of an integrated fixed bed gasifier model for different biomass feedstocks,” Energies, vol. 6, no. 12, pp. 6508–6524, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. Y. Wang, T. Namioka, and K. Yoshikawa, “Effects of the reforming reagents and fuel species on tar reforming reaction,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 100, no. 24, pp. 6610–6614, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Milhé, L. Van De Steene, M. Haube, J.-M. Commandré, W.-F. Fassinou, and G. Flamant, “Autothermal and allothermal pyrolysis in a continuous fixed bed reactor,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 103, pp. 102–111, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. B. Nikoo and N. Mahinpey, “Simulation of biomass gasification in fluidized bed reactor using ASPEN PLUS,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1245–1254, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. Ramzan, A. Ashraf, S. Naveed, and A. Malik, “Simulation of hybrid biomass gasification using Aspen plus: a comparative performance analysis for food, municipal solid and poultry waste,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 3962–3969, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. Zou, C. Song, S. Xu, C. Lu, and Y. Tursun, “Biomass gasification in an external circulating countercurrent moving bed gasifier,” Fuel, vol. 112, pp. 635–640, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Jaojaruek, S. Jarungthammachote, M. K. B. Gratuito, H. Wongsuwan, and S. Homhual, “Experimental study of wood downdraft gasification for an improved producer gas quality through an innovative two-stage air and premixed air/gas supply approach,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 102, no. 7, pp. 4834–4840, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Ueki, T. Torigoe, H. Ono, R. Yoshiie, J. H. Kihedu, and I. Naruse, “Gasification characteristics of woody biomass in the packed bed reactor,” Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 1795–1800, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Saravanakumar, T. M. Haridasan, and T. B. Reed, “Flaming pyrolysis model of the fixed bed cross draft long-stick wood gasifier,” Fuel Processing Technology, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 669–675, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Puig-Arnavat, J. C. Bruno, and A. Coronas, “Modified thermodynamic equilibrium model for biomass gasification: a study of the influence of operating conditions,” Energy & Fuels, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 1385–1394, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. B. Reed and A. Das, Handbook of Biomass Downdraft Gasifier Engine Systems, Solar Technical Information Program, Solar Energy Research Institute, Golden, Colo, USA, 1988.
  23. S. Jarungthammachote and A. Dutta, “Thermodynamic equilibrium model and second law analysis of a downdraft waste gasifier,” Energy, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1660–1669, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Barratieri, P. Baggio, L. Fiori, and M. Grigiante, “Biomass as an energy resource thermodynamic constrain on the performance of the conversion process,” Bioresources Technology, vol. 99, no. 15, pp. 7063–7073, 2008. View at Google Scholar