Journal of Combustion / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Influence of Advanced Injection Timing and Fuel Additive on Combustion, Performance, and Emission Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine Running on Plastic Pyrolysis Oil

Table 1

PPO and diesel properties.

PropertyMethodPPODiesel

Density@15°C (kg/l)ASTM D40520.98130.8398
Kinematic viscosity@40°C (cSt)IP 711.9182.62
Flash point (°C)ASTM D931359.5
Aromatic content (%)IP 39165.529.5
Acid number (mg KOH/g)IP 139410
LHV (MJ/kg)ASTM D24038.30042.900
Water content (mg/kg)ASTM D6304119065
Ash content (wt.%)IP 3910.166<0.001
Carbon residue (wt.%)ASTM D45304.83<0.01
Hydrogen content (wt.%)ASTM D52918.513.38
Carbon content (wt.%)ASTM D529187.986.57
Oxygen content (wt.%)ASTM D56223.30.05
Sulphur content (wt.%)ASTM D54530.1550.0014
Nitrogen content (mg/kg)ASTM D462982044

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