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Journal of Cancer Epidemiology
Volume 2011, Article ID 794861, 24 pages
Review Article

Asia Oceania Guidelines for the Implementation of Programs for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
2Microbiological Research and Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Royal Women's Hospital, Royal Children's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3052, Australia
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi 110 029, India
4Formerly Department of Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
5Center for Cervical Cancer Prevention, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Tzu Chi Medical Center, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 97004, Taiwan
6Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of the Philippines College of Medicine, Manila, Philippines
7Department of Cancer Epidemiology, Cancer Institute/Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China
8Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea
9Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore 229899
10National Cancer Institute, Bangkok, Thailand

Received 17 October 2010; Accepted 17 January 2011

Academic Editor: John D. Groopman

Copyright © 2011 Hextan Y. S. Ngan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License,which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for health professionals, to develop a comprehensive cervical cancer program for a clinic, a community, or a country. Ensuring access to healthcare is the responsibility of all societies, and the Asia Oceania Research Organisation in Genital Infections and Neoplasia (AOGIN) is committed to working collaboratively with governments and health professionals to facilitate prevention programs, to protect girls and women from cervical cancer, a disease that globally affects 500,000 and kills nearly 300,000 women annually, just over half of whom are in the Asia Oceania region. We share the vision that a comprehensive program of vaccination, screening, and treatment should be made accessible to all girls and women in the world. The primary purpose of these guidelines is to provide information on scientific evidence on the different modalities and approaches of cervical cancer prevention programs, for high resource and low resource settings. The secondary purpose is to provide an overview of the current situation of cervical cancer control and prevention in various Asian Oceania countries: their views of an ideal program, identified obstacles, and suggestions to overcome them are discussed.