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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 49-59
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2006/378619

Removal of Lead Ion from Aqueous Solutions Using Sawdust Coated by Polyaniline

R. Ansari and F. Raofie

Chemistry Department, Guilan University, Rasht, POB: 41335-1914, Iran

Received 24 October 2005; Accepted 23 January 2006

Copyright © 2006 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Polyaniline was synthesized chemically, coated on sawdust via cast method in the form of emeraldine base (EB) from formic acid as solvent, and used as an adsorbent for removal of lead ion or from aqueous solution. The effects of some important chemical and physical factors in removal efficiency have also been investigated. Among the different parameters, the effect of pH was the most prominent. It was found that metal uptake is occurred under neutral or slightly alkaline conditions, while under relatively strong acidic media, the sorption of the investigated metal ions was negligible and desorption is a predominant process. It was found that undoped PANi (EB form) coated on polar substrates such as sawdust (SD) can be used as an effective adsorbent for removal of heavy metal ions in water and wastewater treatments. All the previous investigations and applications take advantage of the electrical conductivity (metallic), electrochemical (redox activity) and electrochromic properties of the polyaniline. While; in this research, we have taken advantage of the chelating properties of PANi for metal sorption.