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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 4 (2007), Issue 2, Pages 192-198
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/243689

Tannase Production by Aspergillus niger

N. Lokeswari and K. Jaya Raju

Center for Biotechnology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003, India

Received 22 November 2006; Revised 29 December 2006; Accepted 6 January 2007

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A method for assay of microbial tannase (Tannin acyl hydrolase) based on the formation of chromogen between gallic acid and rhodanine is reported. Maximum Tannase production occurred in the culture broth containing 1-2% (w/v) tannic acid and 0.05 – 0.1% (w/v) glucose. The pH, incubation period, temperature and Glucose concentration optima of Tannase production was found at 5.5, 36 h, 35°C and 0.5% respectively. These properties make the enzyme suitable for pollution control and bioprocess industry. This assay is very simple, reproducible, and very convenient, and with it Tannase activity can be measured in relation to the growth of the organism. Aspergillus niger exhibited higher enzyme activity showing about 65 mole percent conversion respectively after a 36 h incubation period. The assay is complete in a short time, very convenient and reproducible.