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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 255-264

Studies on the Optical Properties and Surface Morphology of Nickel Phthalocyanine Thin Films

Benny Joseph and C. S. Menon

School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, 686 560, Kerala State, india

Received 20 September 2006; Accepted 1 November 2006

Copyright © 2007 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Thin films of Nickel Phthalocyanine (NiPc) are fabricated at a base pressure of 10-5 using Hind-Hivac thermal evaporation plant. The films are deposited on to glass substrates at various temperatures 318, 363, 408 and 458K. The optical absorption spectra of these thin films are measured. Present studies reveal that the optical band gap energies of NiPc thin films are highly dependent on the substrate temperatures. The structure and surface morphology of the films deposited on glass substrates of temperatures 303, 363 and 458K are studied using X-ray diffractograms and Scanning Electron Micrographs (SEM), show that there is a change in the crystallinity and surface morphology due to change in the substrate temperatures. Full width at half maximum (FWHM) intensity of the diffraction peaks is also found reduced with increasing substrate temperatures. Scanning electron micrographs show that these crystals are fiber like at high substrate temperatures. The optical band gap increases with increase in substrate temperature and is then reduced with fiber-like grains at 408K. The band gap increases again at 458K with full of fiber like grains. Trap energy levels are also observed for these films.