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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 557-561
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/730453

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil From the Aerial Parts of Artemisia Herba

A. Nezhadali,1 M. Akbarpour,2 and B. Zarrabi Shirvan3

1Dept. of Chemistry, Payam-Noor University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
2Dept. of Chemistry, Payam-Noor University of Bojnourd, Bojnourd, Iran
3ID 31330, Medical Organization of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Received 3 August 2007; Revised 20 September 2007; Accepted 17 October 2007

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aerial parts of the plant artemisia herba were collected in the May 2007 from Babaaman (North Khorassan Province of Iran). The plant was isolated by hydro distillation. A total of 61 constituents, representing more than 98% of the oil were identified by gas chromatograph/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The main compounds, were alpha-pinene (3.28%), champhene (4.8%), sabinen (5.18%), beta-myrcene (3.04), cis,beta-terpineol (11.31%), camphor (6.11%), 8-hydroxylinalool (2.64%), L-4-terpineol ( 2.5%), alpha- therpineol (2.33%), myrtenol (3.27%), bornyl acetate (6.2%), alpha-terpinol acetate (3.06%), germacrene (2.06%), davanone (8.49%), trans-farnesol (4.27%), cis-fernesol (2.07%) and 1,3,dicyclopentyl cyclopentane (2.29%). This herbal medicine traditionally uses as anti-infectious, anti-bacterial, emmenagogue, parasiticide, digestive and stomachic and gastric tonic in Iran.