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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 5 (2008), Issue 2, Pages 219-223
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/876498

Photocatalytic Degradation of Textile Dyeing Wastewater Using Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide

Abbas J. Attia, Salih H. Kadhim, and Falah H. Hussein

Chemistry Dept, College of Science, Babylon University, Iraq

Received 23 July 2007; Accepted 22 September 2007

Copyright © 2008 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Photodegradation of a real textile dyeing wastewater taken from Hilla textile factory in Babylon Governorate, Iraq have been investigated. Photocatalytic degradation was carried out over suspensions of titanium dioxide or zinc oxide under ultraviolet irradiation. Photodegradation percentage was followed spectrophometrically by the measurements of absorbance at λmax equal to 380 nm. The rate of photodegradation increased linearly with time of irradiation when titanium dioxide or zinc oxide was used. A maximum color removal of 96% was achieved after irradiation time of 2.5 hours when titanium dioxide used at 303K and 82% color reduction was observed when zinc oxide used for the same period and at the same temperature. The effect of temperature on the efficiency of photodegradation of dyestuff was also studied. The activation energy of photodegradation was calculated and found to be equal to 21 ± 1 kJ mol-1 on titanium dioxide and 24 ± 1 kJ mol-1 on zinc oxide.