Chemical Studies on the Removal of Iron from Crude Phosphoric Acid Using an Organosilicon Compound
A new adsorbent has been developed to reduce the concentration of iron in crude Egyptian phosphoric acid. This adsorbent has been formed by the treatment of silicate compound derived from clay mineral with π organic acceptor ligand to carry out the exchange of ions as well as complexation with iron. Several parameters (shaking time, temperature, sorbent mass, and batch factor) have been studied. The adsorption of iron from crude phosphoric acid was investigated. The various methods to characterize the adsorption of iron on organosilicon compound (OSC) were collectively evaluated in this study. According to the Langmiur model, the maximum monomolecular capacity (Qº) is 122 mg/g and 122 mg/g with Freundlich model for an initial iron concentration of 2.37% contained in crude phosphoric acid. Characterization studies such as x-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy and electron scanning microscope were investigated to substantiate the nature of iron-OSC complexes.
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