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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 6, Issue 3, Pages 601-610

Mechanistic Study on the Oxidation of 4-Hydroxycoumarin by Diperiodatonickelate(IV) in Aqueous Alkaline Medium

Ramesh S. Shettar, Nagaraj P. Shetti, and Sharanappa T. Nandibewoor

P.G. Department of Studies in Chemistry, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka-580 003, India

Received 18 September 2008; Accepted 4 November 2008

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The oxidation of 4-hydroxycoumarin (HDC) by diperiodato- nickelate(IV) (DPN) in aqueous alkaline medium at a constant ionic strength of 1.0 mol dm-3 was studied spectrophotometrically at 298 K. The reaction between DPN and 4-hydroxycoumarin in alkaline medium exhibits 1:3 stoichiometry (HDC: DPN). The reaction is of first order in [DPN] and has less than unit order in [HDC] and fractional order in [alkali]. The oxidation reaction in alkaline medium has been shown to proceed via a DPN- 4-hydroxycoumarin complex, which decomposes slowly in a rate-determining step followed by other fast steps to give the products. The main products were identified by spot test, IR, 1HNMR studies. The reaction constants involved in the different steps of the mechanism were calculated. The activation parameters with respect to slow step of the mechanism were computed and discussed and thermodynamic quantities were also determined.