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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 6 (2009), Issue 4, Pages 1193-1199

Evaluation of the Phytochemical Content of Some Edible Grains Marketed in Nigeria

S. A. Odoemelam and C. I. Osu

Department of Chemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, P.M.B 7267, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria

Received 18 August 2008; Accepted 15 January 2009

Copyright © 2009 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Five food grains (groundnut, millet, wheat, guinea corn and breadfruit) commonly consumed in Nigeria were evaluated for their phytochemical contents. The results revealed that the grains contained 0.60-1.24% alkaloid, 0.82-2.27% flavonoid, 0.03-0.05% saponin, 0.50-0.60% tannins, 2.40-2.80% phenols and 0.17-0.30% phytic acid. Dietary implications of these constituents are highlighted