Journal of Chemistry

Journal of Chemistry / 2010 / Article

Open Access

Volume 7 |Article ID 275135 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/275135

Esam A. El-Hefian, Mohamed Mahmoud Nasef, Abdul Hamid Yahaya, "Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blends-A Rheological Study", Journal of Chemistry, vol. 7, Article ID 275135, 9 pages, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/275135

Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blends-A Rheological Study

Received30 Mar 2010
Accepted24 May 2010

Abstract

Blends of chitosan (CS) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) of different proportions (considering chitosan as the main component) were prepared. The rheological properties of the obtained blend solutions such as the shearing viscosity and the shear stress were investigated as a function of shear rate under various temperatures, shearing times and solution storage times using a digital viscometer. The CS/PVA solutions showed a Newtonian behavior at temperatures in the range of 40-55 °C regardless of the blend composition. This was accompanied by a general decrease in the viscosity with increasing PVA content in the blend. The heat-dependant viscosity changes of the blend solutions were found to follow Arrhenius equation. The shearing time was found to have no significant effect on the shearing viscosity of all blended solutions. However, the variation of solution storage period was found to have a mixed effect when time was extended to 3 weeks.

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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