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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 7 (2010), S1, Pages S349-S357

Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Blends-A Rheological Study

Esam A. El-Hefian,1 Mohamed Mahmoud Nasef,2 and Abdul Hamid Yahaya1

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Received 30 March 2010; Accepted 24 May 2010

Copyright © 2010 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Blends of chitosan (CS) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) of different proportions (considering chitosan as the main component) were prepared. The rheological properties of the obtained blend solutions such as the shearing viscosity and the shear stress were investigated as a function of shear rate under various temperatures, shearing times and solution storage times using a digital viscometer. The CS/PVA solutions showed a Newtonian behavior at temperatures in the range of 40-55 °C regardless of the blend composition. This was accompanied by a general decrease in the viscosity with increasing PVA content in the blend. The heat-dependant viscosity changes of the blend solutions were found to follow Arrhenius equation. The shearing time was found to have no significant effect on the shearing viscosity of all blended solutions. However, the variation of solution storage period was found to have a mixed effect when time was extended to 3 weeks.