A reverse phase HPLC method is described for the determination of esmolol hydrochloride in bulk and injections. Chromatography was carried on a C18 column using a mixture of acetonitrile, 0.05 M sodium acetate buffer and glacial acetic acid (35:65:3 v/v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1 mL/min with detection at 275 nm. The retention time of the drug was 4.76 min. The detector response was linear in the concentration of 1-50 μg/mL. The limit of detection and limit of quantification was 0.614 and 1.86 μg/mL respectively. The method was validated by determining its sensitivity, linearity, accuracy and precision. The proposed method is simple, economical, fast, accurate and precise and hence can be applied for routine quality control of esmolol hydrochloride in bulk and injections.