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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 8 (2011), S1, Pages S425-S433

Determination of Trace Amount of Pd(II) and Ni(II) with Newly Synthesized Pyrozlon Azo Bromo Phenol by Spectrophotometric Methods

Hussain J Mohammed,1 Azhar Y Muhi,2 and Hayder Al Meisslemaw3

1Faculty of Dentistry, Dept. of Basic Science, Kufa University, Iraq
2Faculty of Education for Women, Dept. of Chemistry, Kufa University, Iraq
3Faculty of Education Ibn Al-Haithem, Dept. of Chemistry, Baghdad University, Iraq

Received 1 March 2011; Accepted 27 April 2011

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A sensitive and selective method has been developed for the determination of palladium(II) and nickel(II). A new reagent and two complexes have been prepared in aqueous solutions. The method is based on the chelation of metal ions with 4-(4'- antipyriyl azo ) -2-bromo phenol (APBP) to form an intense color soluble products, that are stable and have a maximum absorption at 498 nm and at 433.5 nm and εmax of 0.21×104 and.0.38×104 Lmole-1cm-1 for Pd(II) Ni(II) respectively. A linear correlation of (0.2 - 3) and (0.6 -2.2) ppm for Pd(II) Ni(II) respectively. The stoichiometry of both complexes was found to be 1:2 (metal:ligand). The effect of various cations and anions on Pd(II) and Ni(II) determination have been investigated. The stability constants Pd(II) and Ni(II) were 0.37×108, 0.38×108 L mol-1 respectively. The conductivity measurements for complexes are consistent with those expected for an electrolyte. The optimum conditions for full color development for described methods were applied satisfactorily to synthetic mixtures samples and biological samples.