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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 8 (2011), Issue 2, Pages 629-634

Small Dumbbell Oligonucleotides Inhibitors of RNase H Activity of MOMULV Reverse Transcriptase

Ajay Kumar

Apeejay Stya University, Palwal Sohna Road, Gurgaon, Haryana, India

Received 5 June 2010; Accepted 26 August 2010

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The small dumbbell oligonucleotides containing loops of phosphodiester (OL-1), two trimethylene, C3 moieties in each loop (OL-2) and phosphorothioate (OL-3) linkages were synthesized. Incubation of OL-1 and OL-2 with S-1 nuclease generated break down products whereas incubation of OL-3 did not result in significant cleavage. Their binding to moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase was evaluated by PAGE band mobility shift assays. The OL-3 bound more strongly to the reverse transcriptase than OL-1 and OL-2. The dissociation constants evaluated using PAGE band mobility shift assays were of the order of 10-7. Investigation of inhibition of RNase H activity of reverse transcriptase showed that the OL-3 is a better inhibitor of the retroviral RNase H activity than both OL-1 and OL-2. Thus OL-3 may be used as RNase H inhibitor. Our studies demonstrated that this particularly designed oligonucleotide (OL-3) displays an IC50 of 25 nM in its inhibition on the reverse transcriptase RNase H activity, a magnitude lower than that of first nucleotide reverse transcriptase of HIV-1, tenofovir, introduced by Gilead Science in the market.