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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 8, Issue 3, Pages 1293-1297
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/873253

Studies in Asymmetric Epoxidation of Chalcone Using Quaternary Salts and Nonionic Surfactants Based on 6-Amino-6-deoxy-glucose as Chiral Phase Transfer Catalysts

Lalit Sharma, Subhash Chander Sharma, and Saroj

Department of Applied Chemistry, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College of Engg and Tech Ferozepur-152 004, India

Received 24 April 2010; Revised 24 September 2010; Accepted 8 January 2011

Copyright © 2011 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Quaternary salts and nonionic surfactants based on 6-amino-6-deoxy-glucose were explored as chiral phase transfer catalysts for the asymmetric epoxidation of chalcone. Quaternary salts used in the present study, were void of any branched chain or long hydrocarbon chain, whereas the sugar based nonionic surfactants have a long hexadecyl moiety as tail. It was observed that quaternary salts showed no activity as phase transfer catalysts but sugar based nonionic surfactants acted as chiral phase transfer catalysts. It was also revealed that hydrophilicity of the surfactant favors more yield whereas stereochemistry governs enantioselectivity. (6,6'-Hexadecylimino) bis(6-deoxy-1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-glucofuranose) was found to be the most suitable chiral phase transfer catalyst, resulting asymmetric epoxidation of chalcone with 90% yield and 16.5% enantiomeric excess (ee).