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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 2550-2556

Synthesis and Thermotropic Properties of Some New Schiff Bases, N-[4-(4-n-Alkanoyloxybenzoyloxy)-2-Hydroxybenzylidene]-4-Cyano-, 4-Hydroxy-, 4-Thio- and 4-Nitroanilines

1Department of Chemical Science, Faculty of Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Jln Universiti, Bandar Barat, Kampar, 31900 Perak, Malaysia
2Liquid Crystal Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Received 22 November 2011; Accepted 18 January 2012

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A series of elongated Schiff base esters containing three aromatic rings with hexadecanoyl chain as one of the terminal group and various R substituents (R = CN, OH, SH, and NO2) at the other end of molecule were prepared, and their structures were confirmed via physical measurement. The thermotropic properties of these compounds were investigated via differential scanning calorimetry and polarizing optical microscopy. The thermal data indicate that all of these compounds exhibit mesomorphic properties. Whilst compounds with R = OH, SH and NO2 show nematic phases, compound containing cyano substituent are smectogenic in nature.