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E-Journal of Chemistry
Volume 9 (2012), Issue 2, Pages 1007-1016

ICP-OES Determination of Trace Metal Ions after Preconcentration Using Silica Gel Modified with 1,2-Dihydroxyanthraquinone

Department of Chemistry, Sciences Faculty for Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Received 20 September 2011; Accepted 9 November 2011

Copyright © 2012 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A new chelating matrix was prepared by immobilizing 1,2-dihydr-oxyanthraquinone, or alizarin (AZ), on silica gel modified with (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane. The matrix was characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The new matrix was used to preconcentrate Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) prior to their determination by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The optimum pH was 5 and the optimum extraction time was approximately 15 minutes using the batch method. Common electrolytes and metal ions did not interfere with the separation and determination of the analytes. The adsorption capacity of the new sorbent was 67.4, 163.5, 212.8, 76.4 and 180.3 μmol/g for Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II), respectively. The relative standard deviations (RSD) were less than 3.0%. This method allowed for successful separation and preconcentration of trace metal ions in different water samples with satisfactory results.