Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 408194, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/408194
Research Article

Quality of Cosmetic Argan Oil Extracted by Supercritical Fluid Extraction from Argania spinosa L.

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Science, University Abdel Malek Essaadi of Tétouan, 93002 Tétouan, Morocco
2Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Technology, Faculty of Science, International Agri-food Campus of Excellence, University of Cadiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Cadiz, Spain

Received 15 January 2013; Revised 8 March 2013; Accepted 6 April 2013

Academic Editor: Marleny D. A. Saldaña

Copyright © 2013 Chouaa Taribak et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Argan oil has been extracted using supercritical CO2. The influence of the variables pressure (100, 200, 300, and 400 bar) and temperature (35, 45, 55°C) was investigated. The best extraction yields were achieved at a temperature of 45°C and a pressure of 400 bar. The argan oil extracts were characterized in terms of acid, peroxide and iodine values, total tocopherol, carotene, and fatty acids content. Significant compositional differences were not observed between the oil samples obtained using different pressures and temperatures. The antioxidant capacity of the argan oil samples was high in comparison to those of walnut, almond, hazelnut, and peanut oils and comparable to that of pistachio oil. The physicochemical parameters of the extracted oils obtained by SFE, Soxhlet, and traditional methods are comparable. The technique used for oil processing does not therefore markedly alter the quality of argan oil.