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Journal of Chemistry
Volume 2013, Article ID 473584, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/473584
Review Article

CO2 Capture in Ionic Liquids: A Review of Solubilities and Experimental Methods

Renewable Energies R&D Department, LEITAT Technological Center, Carrer de la Innovació, 2, Terrassa 08225 Barcelona, Spain

Received 4 December 2012; Accepted 15 May 2013

Academic Editor: Veysel T. Yilmaz

Copyright © 2013 Elena Torralba-Calleja et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The growing concern of climate change and global warming has in turn given rise to a thriving research field dedicated to finding solutions. One particular area which has received considerable attention is the lowering of carbon dioxide emissions from large-scale sources, that is, fossil fuel power. This paper focuses on ionic liquids being used as novel media for CO2 capture. In particular, solubility data and experimental techniques are used at a laboratory scale. Cited CO2 absorption data for imidazolium-, pyrrolidinium-, pyridinium-, quaternary-ammonium-, and tetra-alkyl-phosphonium-based ionic liquids is reviewed, expressed as mole fractions (X) of CO2 to ionic liquid. The following experimental techniques are featured: gravimetric analysis, the pressure drop method, and the view-cell method.